SYNERGETIC APPROACHES TO PROBLEMS OF EVOLUTION OF PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS AND NANOMATERIALS ON THE BASIS OF SILICON
The opportunity of synergetic approach to consideration of evolution of properties of modern materials of a science and technics and the silicon, connected with the advent of in a material under influence of an exchange with an environment streams of energy and substance of a new phase (for example, amorphous), breaking its basic properties (for example, durability), caused by nonequilibrium phase transitions of type of crystall amorphous phase is considered. It is shown, that durable and some other properties of technically important materials it is impossible to consider only on the basis of one laws of mechanics. They should be considered as a part of the general problematics of the nonlinear dynamic systems working far from balance (I.R.Prigozhina's postulate). Lead below consideration of evolution of properties of technically important materials used in nuclear and electronic materiology (for example, silicon and structures silicon on an insulator) on the basis of simple models quasichemical Shlögl reactions, confirms Prigozhin's this postulate.