CONTROLLING PARTIAL SYNCHRONIZATIONPATTERNS: CHIMERA STATES
Synchronization phenomena in nonlinear dynamical
networks are of great importance in many areas ranging from physics and chemistry to biology, neuroscience, socio-economic systems, and engineering. Chaos synchronization of
lasers, for instance, may lead to new secure communication schemes. The synchronization of neurons is
believed to play a crucial role in the brain under normal conditions, for instance in the context of cognition, learning, and sleep, and under pathological conditions such as epilepsies and tremor. Synchronization of
power grids is essential for their operation.